Sunday, September 24, 2017

The Christian Feast of Tabernacles


Overview

The Feast of Tabernacles is celebrated on the 15th day of the 7th month of the biblical calendar for eight days.  This feast is also known as the Feast of Booths and the Feast of Ingathers. Below is not an in depth study of this feast, it is just a summary of my research.  I do plan to write an in depth study soon. 

Historically:  They made a temporary structure to live in for eight days in the hills or away from home.  They read the laws of Moses during this time.  They presented food offering each of the eight days.  It was a celebration of the final harvest for the year.  Jesus was circumcised during the Feast of Tabernacles when he tabernacle with us 2019 years ago

Today it is a rehearsal for the final days.  We are to celebrate by living in a temporary structure for eight days.  During this time we should read our bible and study the laws of Moses. This feast is in preparation for knowing how to live in a temporary structure during the end times.  It will prepare us for the tribulation.  We are to celebrate the final harvest of the year (like Thanksgiving) and give thanksgiving to our Heavenly Father. We are to remember that our earthly bodies are our temporary dwellings known as tabernacles.  The first day and the eight day is a holy assembly and we should not perform any work except meal preparation.

Prophecy:  We are the final harvest when Jesus returns.  When Jesus comes many of us may be living in temporary shelters because we must flee from the city for safety.   The eighth day of the feast is called ‘The Last Great Day’ and it is also known as the feast of completion and the expiration of sin.  On this date when Jesus returns all the goats will have been burnt in the ‘lake of fire’ and that is why it is also called the expiration of sin.  It will be a day of celebrating Jesus tabernacling with us.

Feast of Tabernacles Law

The Feast of Tabernacles was to be observed at the temple in Jerusalem.  Here it is called the Feast of Completion since in prophecy this is when the laws of Moses will be fulfilled on the eighth day of this feast that is called ‘The Last Great Day’.  It says at the end of the year since the religious and agriculture year starts on the Spring Equinox and the civic year started at the Feast of Trumpets

Keep ye a feast to me three times in the year. Take heed to keep the feast of unleavened bread: seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread, as I charged thee at the season of the month of new corn, for in it thou camest out of Egypt: thou shalt not appear before me empty. And thou shalt keep the feast of the harvest of first-fruits of thy labours, whatsoever thou shalt have sown in thy field, and the feast of completion at the end of the year in the gathering in of thy fruits out of thy field. Three times in the year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God.” Sep Exo 23:14-17

Here it is called the Feast of Ingathering since it is when the harvest is gathered in.  In prophecy this will be when our Heavenly Father harvests the earth and gather’s HIS chosen people.

“And thou shalt keep to me the feast of weeks, the beginning of wheat-harvest; and the feast of ingathering in the middle of the year. Three times in the year shall every male of thine appear before the Lord the God of Israel.” Exo 34:22-23

The Levitical law to be followed for the Feast of Tabernacles is explained below.  I believe the reason we are to make our tents or booths from trees is because people are referred to as trees many times in the bible.  Today we still refer to ourselves as a tree when we call our ancestry a ‘family tree’.

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to the children of Israel, saying, On the fifteenth day of this seventh month, there shall be a feast of tabernacles seven days to the Lord. And on the first day shall be a holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work. Seven days shall ye offer whole-burnt-offerings to the Lord, and the eighth-day shall be a holy convocation to you; and ye shall offer whole-burnt-offerings to the Lord: it is a time of release, ye shall do no servile work. These are the feasts to the Lord, which ye shall call holy convocations, to offer burnt-offerings to the Lord, whole-burnt-offerings and their meat-offerings, and their drink-offerings, that for each day on its day:  besides the sabbaths of the Lord, and besides your gifts, and besides all your vows, and besides your free-will-offerings, which ye shall give to the Lord. And on the fifteenth day of this seventh month, when ye shall have completely gathered in the fruits of the earth, ye shall keep a feast to the Lord seven days; on the first day there shall be a rest, and on the eighth day a rest. And on the first day ye shall take goodly fruit of trees, and branches of palm trees, and thick boughs of trees, and willows, and branches of osiers from the brook, to rejoice before the Lord your God seven days in the year. It is a perpetual statute for your generations: in the seventh month ye shall keep it.” Sep Lev 23:33-41

The law of the Feast of Tabernacles in Deuteronomy:

“Thou shalt keep for thyself the feast of tabernacles seven days, when thou gatherest in thy produce from thy corn-floor and thy wine-press. And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, and the Levite, and the stranger, and the orphan, and the widow that is in thy cities. Seven days shalt thou keep a feast to the Lord thy God in the place which the Lord thy God shall choose for himself; and if the Lord thy God shall bless thee in all thy fruits, and in every work of thy hands, then thou shalt rejoice. Three times in the year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God in the place which the Lord shall choose in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: thou shalt not appear before the Lord thy God empty. Each one according to his ability, according to the blessing of the Lord thy God which he has given thee.” Sep Deu 16:13-17

The book of Nehemiah reflects that the Israelites read the laws of Moses during the Feast of Tabernacles:

And on the second day the heads of families assembled with all the people, also the priests and Levites, to Esdras the scribe, to attend to all the words of the law. And they found written in the law which the Lord commanded Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths, in the feast in the seventh month: and that they should sound with trumpets in all their cities, and in Jerusalem. And Esdras said, Go forth to the mountain, and bring branches of olive, and branches of cypress trees, and branches of myrtle, and branches of palm trees, and branches of every thick tree, to make booths, according to that which was written. And the people went forth, and brought them, and made booths for themselves, each one upon his roof, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the streets of the city, and as far as the gate of Ephraim. And all the congregation who had returned from the captivity, made booths, and dwelt in booths: for the children of Israel had not done so from the days of Jesus the son of Naue until that day: and there was great joy. And Esdras read in the book of the law of God daily, from the first day even to the last day: and they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day a solemn assembly, according to the ordinance.”  Sep Neh 8:1318 


Offerings at the Feast of Tabernacles

Below are the required food sacrifices for the Feast of Tabernacles.   The goats are always a sin offering that must be completely burnt and never eaten.  The goats being completely burnt represents their fate in the eventual lake of fire documented in the book of Revelation.


Day One

 “And on the fifteenth day of this seventh month ye shall have a holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord seven days. And ye shall bring near whole-burnt-offerings, a sacrifice for a smell of sweet savour to the Lord, on the first day thirteen calves of the herd, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old; they shall be without blemish.   their meat-offerings shall be fine flour mingled with oil; there shall be three tenth deals for one calf, for the thirteen calves; and two tenth deals for one ram, for the two rams. A tenth deal for every lamb, for the fourteen lambs. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering: there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.”  Num 29:12-16 

Day Two

“And on the second day twelve calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without blemish. Their meat-offering and their drink-offering shall be for the calves and the rams and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the perpetual whole-burnt-offering; their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.” Num 29:17-19

Day Three

“On the third day eleven calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without blemish.  Their meat-offering and their drink-offering shall be to the calves and to the rams and to the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.  Num 29:20-22

Day Four

“On the fourth day ten calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without spot. There shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings to the calves and the rams and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.” Num 29:23-25

Day Five

“On the fifth day nine calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without spot. Their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings shall be to the calves and the rams and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the perpetual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.” Num 29:26-28

Day Six

“On the sixth day eight calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without blemish. There shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings to the calves and rams and lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the perpetual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.” Num 29:29-31

Day Seven

“On the seventh day seven calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without blemish. Their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings shall be to the calves and the rams and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.”  Num 29:32-34

Day Eight – The Last Great Day & Expiration of Sin

“And on the eighth day there shall be to you a release: ye shall do no servile work in it. And ye shall offer whole-burnt-offerings as sacrifices to the Lord, one calf, one ram, seven lambs of a year old without spot. There shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings for the calf and the ram and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings. These sacrifices shall ye offer to the Lord in your feasts, besides your vows; and ye shall offer your free-will-offerings and your whole-burnt-offerings, and your meat-offerings and your drink-offerings, and your peace-offerings.” Sep Num 29:35-39

We are the Tabernacles and Final Harvest

The New Testament explains that our bodies are tabernacles and they are our temporary dwelling place.

“For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle [Greek 4636, skénos, a tent, tabernacle; fig: of the human body] were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven: If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked. For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.”  KJV 2 Cor 5:1-4

“But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle [Greek 4633], not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;”  KJV Hebrews 9: 11

“Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these things, though ye know them, and be established in the present truth. Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle [Greek 4638, skénóma, a tent pitched, a dwelling, tabernacle] to stir you up by putting you in remembrance; 14 Knowing that shortly I must put off this my tabernacle, even as our Lord Jesus Christ hath shewed me”. KJV 2 Pet 1:12-14

“Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle [Greek 4633, skéné,  a tent, booth, tabernacle, abode, dwelling, mansion, habitation], which the Lord pitched, and not man”. KJV Hebrews 8:1-2

The Harvest of Revelation

The Book of Revelation talks of the final harvest and ingathering.  It is the prophecy of our Heavenly Father gathering HIS tabernacles and tabernacle with us.  During this time he will be eliminating un-ruling Billy goats and throwing them in the lake of fire.  The process of removing the goats starts during the Day of Atonement and I have explained this further in this article.   Once all the goats are eliminated on the ‘The Last Great Day’ of the Feast of Tabernacles all sin will be removed from the earth.

“And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.”  KJV Rev 13:6

“Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and seated on the cloud one like a son of man, with a golden crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand.  And another angel came out of the temple, calling with a loud voice to him who sat on the cloud, "Put in your sickle, and reap, for the hour to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is fully ripe."  So he who sat on the cloud swung his sickle across the earth, and the earth was reaped”. Rev 14: 14-16

“And after that I looked, and, behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened:6 And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen, and having their breasts girded with golden girdles. And one of the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever”. KJV Rev 15:5-7

“And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle [Greek 4633, skéné,  a tent, booth, tabernacle, abode, dwelling, mansion, habitation] of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.  And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away”. KJV Rev 21:1-4

The Last Great Day

Below are verses regarding ‘The Last Great Day’

“On the last day of the feast [of Tabernacles], the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, "If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, 'Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water. '" Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.  Jesus will tabernacles with us”. John 7:37-39

“Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more.  And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.  And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, "Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God.  He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away." Rev 21:1-4

Conclusion

Jesus will return and fulfill the fall feast days.  He will gather HIS tabernacles to HIM.  The Day of Atonement feast is meant to prepare us for the Feast of Tabernacles since we must repent of all sin prior to tabernacleing with HIM.  These are important feast days.   It is my thought that the final fulfillment of Pentecost will occur after the ‘Last Great Day’ occurs and at Pentecost will be the ‘Wedding Feast’.   I cannot be sure how Jesus will fulfill these feast days; I can only share my understanding.  I share my understanding since only by understanding the feast days will we truly know if it Jesus has returned.  Understanding the feast days ensures we are not deceived by goats. 

Saturday, September 23, 2017

The Christian Day of Atonement

The Day of Atonement - 2018
September 26th at sundown starts a 24 hour special Sabbath Rest
September 27th at sunrise start fasting
September 27th as sundown start the reconciling your sins
September 28th at sunrise break-fast meal
September 29th is Michaelmas – A new cycle of Judgment Begins

Overview

The Day of Atonement is an Israelite fall feast date that was documented in the laws of Moses that has not yet been fulfilled. This feast comes during the fall harvest. When Jesus returns he will fulfill this feast day with the final harvest of HIS people.

The Day of Atonement feast is a special Sabbath day in which we are instructed to fast and reconcile ours sins with our Heavenly Father, Ho Theos (Greek name) so that we are restored to His favor. It is the day our Savior Jesus Christ was born and he did come to atone for our sins.  In prophecy, this day is known as the Day of Judgement, the Day of the Lord or the Day of Wrath.

We know that the apostle Paul did continue to keep this feast day, after Jesus’ crucifixion, since it is mentioned in this verse as ‘the Fast’ referring to the Day of Atonement.  Paul also mentions that sailing was dangerous after fasting day had past because in September is hurricane season.

“And when much time was spent, and when sailing now was dangerous, because the fast (νηστείαν - nēsteian; no eating)was now past, Paul comforted them, Saying to them: Ye men, I see that the voyage beginneth to be with injury and much damage, not only of the lading and ship, but also of our lives." DR Acts 27:9-10

After Jesus’ crucifixion, Jesus instructed the Apostles that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in His name. This is known as the Ministry of Reconcilation.

“Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and on the third day rise from the dead, and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem.”  ESV Luke 24:46-47

Our Father is our Shepard that wants all of His sheep to come to repentance and he will lead or chasten each of HIS sheep towards repentance before the Day of Judgement.

The Lord is not slow concerning his promise, as some count slowness; but is patient with us, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will be dissolved with fervent heat, and the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.”  WEB 2 Peter 3:9-10

“My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord, nor be weary when reproved by him. For the Lord disciplines the one he loves, and chastises every son whom he receives.” ESV Hebrews 12:5-6

On the Final Day of Judgement, Jesus will be the shepherd that separates the sheep from the goats.

"But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory. Before him all the nations will be gathered, and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. He will set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. Then the King will tell those on his right hand, 'Come, blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world” WEB Mathew 25:31

Then he will say to those on his left, Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. Matthew 25:41


Michaelmas

Our ancestors called the Day of Atonement ‘Michaelmas’ and they celebrated it on September 29th each year.  According to Enoch 3, Michael is in charge of the seventh heaven and appears to be the highest archangel.

And the angels who kept not their principality, but forsook their own habitation, he hath reserved under darkness in everlasting chains, unto the judgment of the great day. As Sodom and Gomorrha, and the neighbouring cities, in like manner, having given themselves to fornication, and going after other flesh, were made an example, suffering the punishment of eternal fire. In like manner these men also defile the flesh, and despise dominion, and blaspheme majesty. When Michael the archangel, disputing with the devil, contended about the body of Moses, he durst not bring against him the judgment of railing speech, but said: The Lord command thee.” DR Jude 1:6-9

Daniel’s prophesized about the archangel Michael:

And at that time Michael the great prince shall stand up, that stands over the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of tribulation, such tribulation as has not been from the time that there was a nation on the earth until that time: at that time thy people shall be delivered, even every one that is written in the book. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to reproach and everlasting shame.  And the wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament, and some of the many righteous as the stars for ever and ever.  And thou, Daniel, close the words, and seal the book to the time of the end; until many are taught, and knowledge is increased.  And I Daniel saw, and, behold, two others stood, on one side of the bank of the river, and the other on the other side of the bank of the river.  And one said to the man clothed in linen, who was over the water of the river, When will be the end of the wonders which thou has mentioned? And I heard the man clothed in linen, who was over the water of the river, and he lifted up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and sware by him that lives for ever, that it should be for a time of times and half a time: when the dispersion is ended they shall know all these things.” Sep Dan 12:1-7 

John’s revelation included the archangel Michael:

And there was a great battle in heaven, Michael and his angels fought with the dragon, and the dragon fought and his angels: And they prevailed not, neither was their place found any more in heaven. And that great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, who seduceth the whole world; and he was cast unto the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.” DR Rev 12:7-9

Michael the archangel is associated with the final judgment and day of wrath when he will slay the dragon.

Here are some newspaper clippings regarding Michaelmas that I found in old newspapers.  At the time these articles were written, they no longer understood that Michaelmas was a biblical feast day. 

1892 – As published in the Pittsburg Dispatch on the 29th of September



1903 news – The Bee, Kentucky published October 1st




The custom of eating goose on Michaelmas was started in 1588 when Queen Elizabeth eating goose on Michaelmas she got the news that England defeated the Spanish Armada.


This 1800 newspaper clipping shows that a Judge’s term was called Michaelmas term:


More about Michaelmas


Michaelmas a Date of Reconciling

The civil year begins on the Feast of Trumpets.  However receipt and payments for the year were reconciled from Michaelmas to Michaelmas.  This newspaper article shows that the government of Great Britain did reconcile their finances from Michaelmas to Michaelmas.


The book The Annotated Book of Common Prayer written by the Church of England in 1872 reflects that the church reconciled their finances from Michaelmas to Michaelmas.



Day of Atonement – Laws

The Day of Atonement has historical and prophetical meanings.  The men of the house of Israel were not required to go to the temple for this feast day and they were given different instructions to do at home in their villages.  The Levitical Priest and the Israelites at home were all told though that they must do the following:

Date
Time
Event
9th
Evening, Sundown about 6:00pm
Start 24 hour Sabbath Rest
10th
Sunrise, about 6:00am
Start humbling & afflicting your soul; meaning fast
10th
Sundown about 6:00pm
Start barbecuing whole-burnt offerings:  calf, ram, 7 lambs, & goat as sin-offering.  It can take five hours or more to barbecue an animal that is left whole. 7 hours for a calf. The goat will take a while since it must be totally burnt by fire and not eaten.
11th
Sunrise, about 6:00am
Eat the break-fast meal also known as breakfast.  On a proper biblical calendar this day is a Sabbath rest day; therefore the meal has to be ready to eat by sunrise.



The English word atone is actually two words ‘at one’.  The word atone means to be reconciled or ‘at one’ with our Heavenly Father.  The act of atoning means to make reparations or to pay for a crime committed.  Our Father required a goat as payment for sin on the Day of Atonement. Once the goat was burnt as a sin-offering, the debt was considered paid in full and the sin commented was covered over or forgotten.  Therefore, this is the appointed day to receive grace from our Heavenly Father for the sins we have committed.  Sin is transgression of the laws documented by Moses.     

Here in Leviticus we are given instructions for the Day of Atonement.  This day must be on the same-self day each year; therefore it is not a moveable feast day.  They were to observe a special Sabbath day of rest from the evening of the 9th day to the evening of the 10th day and then start the process of atoning.

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Also on the tenth day of this seventh month is a day of atonement: it shall be a holy convocation to you; and ye shall humble your souls, and offer a whole-burnt-offering to the Lord. Ye shall do no work on this self-same day: for this is a day of atonement for you, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. Every soul that shall not be humbled in that day, shall be cut off from among its people. And every soul which shall do work on that day, that soul shall be destroyed from among its people.  Ye shall do no manner of work: it is a perpetual (αιώνιος • aiónios- eternal, everlasting)statute throughout your generations in all your habitations. It shall be a holy sabbath to you; and ye shall humble your souls, from the ninth day of the month: from evening to evening ye shall keep your sabbaths.”  Septuagint Lev 23:26-32




Here in Numbers we are given instructions to perform no work during the day; however, at evening when the Sabbath rest was completed the Israelites were told they must offer sacrifices and sin-offerings to reconcile our sins with our Heavenly Father. 

And on the tenth of this month there shall be to you a holy convocation; and ye shall afflict your souls, and ye shall do no work. And ye shall bring near whole-burnt-offerings for a sweet-smelling savour to the Lord; burnt-sacrifices to the Lord, one calf of the herd, one ram, seven lambs of a year old; they shall be to you without blemish. Their meat-offering shall be fine flour mingled with oil; three tenth deals for one calf, and two tenth deals for one ram. A tenth deal for each several lamb, for the seven lambs. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering, to make atonement for you; beside the sin-offering for atonement, and the continual whole-burnt-offering, its meat-offering, and its drink-offering according to its ordinance for a smell of sweet savour, a burnt-sacrifice to the Lord.” Sep Num 29:7-11


This verse in Psalms tells us that they humbled themselves by fasting.  The Greek word for fasting is the same word that Paul used in Acts 27:9 above.    
But I, when they troubled me, put on sackcloth, and humbled my soul with fasting (νηστεία • nisteía, no food): and my prayer shall return to my own bosom.” Sep Psa 35:13 

Once the Israelites completed this process of atoning for their sins they were granted forgiveness and a new cycle of judgement began.

Levitical Priest Day of Atonement & Prophetical Day of Judgement

Below is a table reflecting the Levitical priest’s instructions which are symbolic of the events that will occur when Jesus returns on the Day of Judgement.  The priest duties represent what Jesus will do when he returns to fulfill these laws.

Levitical Priest Duties
Jesus’ Fulfillment & Day of Judgement Prophecy
And the Lord said to Moses, Speak to Aaron thy brother, and let him not come in at all times into the holy place within the veil before the propitiatory, which is upon the ark of the testimony, and he shall not die; for I will appear in a cloud on the propitiatory (throne of grace- Hebrews 4:16).  Thus shall Aaron enter into the holy place; with a calf of the herd for a sin-offering, and having a ram for a whole-burnt-offering.  And he shall put on the consecrated linen tunic, and he shall have on his flesh the linen drawers, and shall gird himself with a linen girdle, and shall put on the linen cap, they are holy garments; and he shall bathe all his body in water, and shall put them on.  And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin-offering, and one lamb for a whole-burnt-offering.” Sep   Lev 16:2-5
Jesus was born this day and will probably return this day to fulfill the law of the Day of Atonement.  This was the only day of the year that our Heavenly Father appeared within the veil in a cloud. (also see Hebrews 9:7)
And then they shall see the Son of man coming in a cloud, with great power and majesty.” DR Luke 21:27
And I saw, and behold a white cloud; and upon the cloud one sitting like to the Son of man, having on his head a crown of gold, and in his hand a sharp sickle.” DR Rev 14:14

Jesus represents the Ram that will return and he will place the sheep on his right since they are blessed by our Father and they will inherit the kingdom. (Mat 25:32-34) They are pleasing to our Father since they follow the laws of Moses.
And Aaron shall bring the calf for his own sin-offering, and shall make atonement for himself and for his house.Lev 16:6 
[“And no offerings for sin, of whose blood there shall be brought any into the tabernacle of witness to make atonement in the holy place, shall be eaten: they shall be burned with fire.Lev 6:30 ]
Animals offered as a sin-offering to our Heavenly Father were completely burnt and that was the price to cover over sin.  The Israelites had to have an animal that they take care of until it was given as an offering to cover over their sin. 

And he shall take the two goats, and place them before the Lord by the door of the tabernacle of witness. and Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats, one lot for the Lord, and the other for the scape-goat. And Aaron shall bring forward the goat on which the lot for the Lord fell, and shall offer him for a sin-offering.Lev 16:7 -9
When Jesus returns he will separate the goats from the sheep from among the congregation.  The goats will be placed on the left and then burnt in the lake of fire as the final cost for sin. (Eze 34:17, Mat 25:33, Mat 25:41Unrepentant and un-ruling Billy goats will be not be found in the book of life and will be burnt in the lake of fire. (Heb 10:28, Rev 20:11-15)
and the goat upon which the lot of the scape-goat came, he shall present alive before the Lord, to make atonement upon him, so as to send him away as a scape-goat, and he shall send him into the wilderness.”  Sep Lev 16:10 

Jesus fulfilled the scape-goat at the first advent since he was born on the Day of Atonement and he was presented alive for his circumcision and dedicated to HIS Father during the Feast of Tabernacles.  The Spirit led Him to the wilderness where He fasted 40 days and 40 nights and he resisted the temptations of the devil prior to starting his ministry.  (Mat 4:1-11)
And Aaron shall bring the calf for his sin, and he shall make atonement for himself and for his house, and he shall kill the calf for his sin-offering. And he shall take his censer full of coals of fire off the altar, which is before the Lord; and he shall fill his hands with fine compound incense, and shall bring it within the veil. And he shall put the incense on the fire before the Lord, and the smoke of the incense shall cover the mercy-seat over the tables of testimony, and he shall not die.”  Sep Lev 16:11-13
Therefore receiving an immoveable kingdom, we have grace; whereby let us serve, pleasing God, with fear and reverence. For our God is a consuming fire.” DR Heb 12:28-29
And the angel took the censer, and filled it with the fire of the altar, and cast it on the earth, and there were thunders and voices and lightnings, and a great earthquake.” DR Rev 8:5
And he shall take of the blood of the calf, and sprinkle with his finger on the mercy-seat eastward: before the mercy-seat shall he sprinkle seven times of the blood with his finger.”   Lev 16:14 
The seven times may represent one time for each 1000 years until Jesus’ return. (just my guess)  Now in 2017, it is currently the year 7525 according to the Septuagint chronically.
And he shall kill the goat for the sin-offering that is for the people, before the Lord; and he shall bring in of its blood within the veil, and shall do with its blood as he did with the blood of the calf, and shall sprinkle its blood on the mercy-seat, in front of the mercy-seat.  and he shall make atonement for the sanctuary on account of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and for their trespasses in the matter of all their sins; and thus shall he do to the tabernacle of witness established among them in the midst of their uncleanness.  and there shall be no man in the tabernacle of witness, when he goes in to make atonement in the holy place, until he shall have come out; and he shall make atonement for himself, and for his house, and for all the congregation of the children of Israel.  And he shall come forth to the altar that is before the Lord, and he shall make atonement upon it; and he shall take of the blood of the calf, and of the blood of the goat, and shall put it on the horns of the altar round about.  And he shall sprinkle some of the blood upon it seven times with his finger, and shall purge it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.Lev 16:15-19
Sin is transgression and lawlessness of the laws of Moses.
Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness. You know that he appeared in order to take away sins, and in him there is no sin. No one who abides in him keeps on sinning; no one who keeps on sinning has either seen him or known him. Little children, let no one deceive you. Whoever practices righteousness is righteous, as he is righteous. Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil. No one born of God makes a practice of sinning, for God's seed abides in him; and he cannot keep on sinning, because he has been born of God. By this it is evident who are the children of God, and who are the children of the devil: whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is the one who does not love his brother.”  1 John 3:4-10
And he shall finish making atonement for the sanctuary and for the tabernacle of witness, and for the altar; and he shall make a cleansing for the priests, and he shall bring the living goat;  and Aaron shall lay his hands on the head of the live goat, and he shall declare over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their unrighteousness, and all their sins; and he shall lay them upon the head of the live goat, and shall send him by the hand of a ready man into the wilderness.   And the goat shall bear their unrighteousnesses upon him into a desert land; and Aaron shall send away the goat into the wilderness.  And Aaron shall enter into the tabernacle of witness, and shall put off the linen garment, which he had put on, as he entered into the holy place, and shall lay it by there.Lev 16:20-23
The sins of the congregation of Israel were put on Jesus and he was the scapegoat that reconciled and covered over the past sins of Israel. 
All we as sheep have gone astray; every one has gone astray in his way; and the Lord gave him up for our sins. Isa 53:6 
The next day, John saw Jesus coming to him, and he saith: Behold the Lamb of God, behold him who taketh away the sin of the world.”  John 1:29
So also Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many; the second time he shall appear without sin to them that expect him unto salvation.​” Heb 9:28

And he shall bathe his body in water in the holy place, and shall put on his raiment, and shall go out and offer the whole-burnt-offering for himself and the whole-burnt-offering for the people: and shall make atonement for himself and for his house, and for the people, as for the priests.Lev 16:24 
And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him. And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” DR Mat 3:16-17
And he shall offer the fat for the sin-offering on the altar. And he that sends forth the goat that has been set apart to be let go, shall wash his garments, and bathe his body in water, and afterwards shall enter into the camp.  And the calf for the sin-offering, and the goat for the sin-offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, they shall carry forth out of the camp, and burn them with fire, even their skins and their flesh and their dung.  And he that burns them shall wash his garments, and bathe his body in water, and afterwards he shall enter into the camp. And this shall be a perpetual statute for you; in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall humble your souls, and shall do no work, the native and the stranger who abides among you.  For in this day he shall make an atonement for you, to cleanse you from all your sins before the Lord, and ye shall be purged. This shall be to you a most holy sabbath, a rest, and ye shall humble (ταπεινώνω • tapeinóno, shame or lower) your souls; it is a perpetual ordinance.”  Lev 16:25-31 
We must humble ourselves and ask our Heavenly Father for forgiveness. The act of asking for forgiveness of sin is repentance which restores us to HIS favor and covers our sins. By the grace of our Heavenly Father he will forgive us if we are sincere.  He set aside this day on HIS calendar to give you an opportunity to ask for forgiveness.

The priest whomsoever they shall anoint shall make atonement, and whomsoever they shall consecrate to exercise the priestly office after his father; and he shall put on the linen robe, the holy garment. And he shall make atonement for the most holy place, and the tabernacle of witness; and he shall make atonement for the altar, and for the priests; and he shall make atonement for all the congregation. And this shall be to you a perpetual (αιώνιος • aiónios- eternal, everlasting)statute to make atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins: it shall be done once in the year, as the Lord commanded Moses.” Sep Lev 16:32-34
Jesus Christ is the Anointed One.  The word Christ is Christos in Greek and means Anointed One
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham:” DR Mat 1:1
Jesus of Nazareth: how God anointed him with the Holy Ghost, and with power, who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.” Acts 10:38
 And he hath on his garment, and on his thigh written: KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” DR Rev 19:16
And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called faithful and true, and with justice doth he judge and fight. And his eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many diadems, and he had a name written, which no man knoweth but himself. And he was clothed with a garment sprinkled with blood; and his name is called, THE WORD OF GOD.” DR Rev 19:11-12

All the verses highlighted in yellow have not occurred yet; therefore they are not fulfilled and will be fulfilled when Jesus returns.   These verses are in reference to fulfilling the Day of Atonement laws.


Levitical Priest Alter

The word propitiatory is used above in Leviticus 16:2 and is translated as ‘atonement-seat’ or ‘mercy-seat’ in other versions.  It is the Greek word ‘ιλαστηρίου’.  Ιλαστη means propitious, gracious or appease.  This word comes from the root word ἵλαος which means mercy, comfort, and grace.   Seat is the Greek word meaning throne, power, dominion, or residence.  Therefore, propitiatory could be translated as ‘throne of grace’ and this verse in Hebrews does use this phrase:

Let us go therefore with confidence to the throne of grace: that we may obtain mercy, and find grace in seasonable aid.”  DR Hebrews 4:16

The word for cloud in Leviticus 16:2 in Greek is νεφέλη which is transliterated as néphos.   The English word Nebo descends from this Greek word.  Therefore this could actually be saying in Luke 21:27 that the Son of Man will appear at Nebo which could be a reference to Mount Nebo HIS Holy Mountain. 

"And they shall not hurt, nor shall they at all be able to destroy any one on my holy mountain: for the whole world is filled with the knowledge of the Lord, as much water covers the seas." Isa 11:9

The law for the Day of Atonement kept them awake and alert all night; therefore they that stayed awake would be ready for HIS arrival.

The Lord is not slow concerning his promise, as some count slowness; but is patient with us, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will be dissolved with fervent heat, and the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.”  WEB 2 Peter 3:9-10

Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. And he shall gather them together into a place, which in Hebrew is called Armagedon. And the seventh angel poured out his vial upon the air, and there came a great voice out of the temple from the throne, saying: It is done.” Rev 16:15-17

Remember, then, what you received and heard. Keep it, and repent. If you will not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what hour I will come against you. Yet you have still a few names in Sardis, people who have not soiled their garments, and they will walk with me in white, for they are worthy. The one who conquers will be clothed thus in white garments, and I will never blot his name out of the book of life. I will confess his name before my Father and before his angels. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.” Rev 3:3

Day of Atonement - New Testament

When Christ died the Israelite’s sin were paid for with Jesus’ blood.  With Jesus’ blood their sins were reconciled; therefore the Israelites were restored to our Heavenly Fathers favor.  Their past sins were paid for and forgiven.

Christ died for us; much more therefore, being now justified by his blood, shall we be saved from wrath through him. For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son; much more, being reconciled, shall we be saved by his life.” DR Rom 5:9-10

More than that, we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.” Romans 5:11

All this is from God, who through Christ reconciled us to himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation; that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, God making his appeal through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.  For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” 2 Cor 5: 18-21

The first resurrection has probably already occurred and the Israelites, whom Christ paid for their sins, will not experience a second death.

 “The rest of the dead lived not, till the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection. In these the second death hath no power; but they shall be priests of God and of Christ; and shall reign with him a thousand years.”  DR Rev 20:5-6

Ministry of Reconciliation

Christ gave us the ministry of reconciliation (2 Corinthians 5:18 above), so that we would have a method of reconciling our sins with our Heavenly Father.  The method for reconciling our sins is called repentance and baptism.

The Greek word for repentance is μετάνοιαν - metánoia which is a compound of two words metá, ‘after’ and noéō, ‘to perceive, to think’.  It is a fundamental change of mind of thoughts, behaviors and actions.

The word baptism means to submerse with water.  It is the act making yourself clean. 

Here Jesus tells us that he came for the sinners so that they would come to repentance; meaning he wants them to change their way of thinking.
“And Jesus answered them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.” Luke 5:31-32

After Christ’s resurrection he appeared to the apostles and told them that repentance and forgiveness must be proclaimed to the nations.

“Then he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures, and said to them, “Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and on the third day rise from the dead, and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things. And behold, I am sending the promise of my Father upon you. But stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.”  Luke 24:44-49

Christ also stated that we must be baptized:
And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth. Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.” Mat 28:18-20

Which had been some time incredulous, when they waited for the patience of God in the days of Noe, when the ark was a building: wherein a few, that is, eight souls, were saved by water. Whereunto baptism being of the like form, now saveth you also: not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the examination of a good conscience towards God by the resurrection of Jesus Christ.” 2 Pet 3:20-21

Christ gave us the reconciliation process of repentance and baptism so that we can receive the gift of grace.

The Day of Judgment and Wrath

Below are verses about the coming Day of Judgment that will be the justified wrath of our Heavenly Father.

“Truly, I say to you, it will be more bearable on the day of judgment for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that town.” Mat 10:15

“The good person out of his good treasure brings forth good, and the evil person out of his evil treasure brings forth evil.  I tell you, on the day of judgment people will give account for every careless word they speak, for by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned." Mat 12:35-37

“But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath [Greek 3709 orgé, punishment, vengeance] for yourself on the day of wrath when God's righteous judgment will be revealed.”  Romans 2:5

then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trials, and to keep the unrighteous under punishment until the day of judgment, and especially those who indulge in the lust of defiling passion and despise authority.” 2 Pet 2:9-10

“But by the same word the heavens and earth that now exist are stored up for fire, being kept until the day of judgment and destruction of the ungodly.” 2 Pet 3:7

“By this is love perfected with us, so that we may have confidence for the day of judgment, because as he is so also are we in this world”. 1 John 4:17

“And the angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains under gloomy darkness until the judgment of the great day— just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding cities, which likewise indulged in sexual immorality and pursued unnatural desire, serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire.”  Jude 1:6-7

“Then I saw another angel flying directly overhead, with an eternal gospel to proclaim to those who dwell on earth, to every nation and tribe and language and people. And he said with a loud voice, "Fear God and give him glory, because the hour of his judgment has come, and worship him who made heaven and earth, the sea and the springs of water." Rev 14:6-7

Blood will be the price of sin on the Day of Judgement; however, it will not be the blood of goats.  It will be the blood of ungodly people that did not repent.

“And the angel thrust in his sharp sickle into the earth, and gathered the vineyard of the earth, and cast it into the great press of the wrath of God: And the press was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the press, up to the horses' bridles, for a thousand and six hundred furlongs.” Rev 14:19-20

Conclusion

The Day of Atonement is a day that our Heavenly Father gave us to repent of our sins so that we can be reconciled to HIM.  He gave us this day to be ‘at one’ with him.  He give us the gift of grace and he will be merciful, if we ask HIM for forgiveness.  On this day pray for our nation, our families, and for Jesus’ return. 

If I should restrain the heaven and there should be no rain, and if I should command the locust to devour the trees, and if I should send pestilence upon my people; then if my people, on whom my name is called, should repent, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their evil ways, I also will hear from heaven, and I will be merciful to their sins, and I will heal their land.” Sep 2 Ch 7:13-14