Sunday, September 24, 2017

The Christian Feast of Tabernacles


Overview

The Feast of Tabernacles is celebrated on the 15th day of the 7th month of the biblical calendar for eight days.  This feast is also known as the Feast of Booths and the Feast of Ingathers. Below is not an in depth study of this feast, it is just a summary of my research.  I do plan to write an in depth study soon. 

Historically:  They made a temporary structure to live in for eight days in the hills or away from home.  They read the laws of Moses during this time.  They presented food offering each of the eight days.  It was a celebration of the final harvest for the year.  Jesus was circumcised during the Feast of Tabernacles when he tabernacle with us 2019 years ago

Today it is a rehearsal for the final days.  We are to celebrate by living in a temporary structure for eight days.  During this time we should read our bible and study the laws of Moses. This feast is in preparation for knowing how to live in a temporary structure during the end times.  It will prepare us for the tribulation.  We are to celebrate the final harvest of the year (like Thanksgiving) and give thanksgiving to our Heavenly Father. We are to remember that our earthly bodies are our temporary dwellings known as tabernacles.  The first day and the eight day is a holy assembly and we should not perform any work except meal preparation.

Prophecy:  We are the final harvest when Jesus returns.  When Jesus comes many of us may be living in temporary shelters because we must flee from the city for safety.   The eighth day of the feast is called ‘The Last Great Day’ and it is also known as the feast of completion and the expiration of sin.  On this date when Jesus returns all the goats will have been burnt in the ‘lake of fire’ and that is why it is also called the expiration of sin.  It will be a day of celebrating Jesus tabernacling with us.

Feast of Tabernacles Law

The Feast of Tabernacles was to be observed at the temple in Jerusalem.  Here it is called the Feast of Completion since in prophecy this is when the laws of Moses will be fulfilled on the eighth day of this feast that is called ‘The Last Great Day’.  It says at the end of the year since the religious and agriculture year starts on the Spring Equinox and the civic year started at the Feast of Trumpets

Keep ye a feast to me three times in the year. Take heed to keep the feast of unleavened bread: seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread, as I charged thee at the season of the month of new corn, for in it thou camest out of Egypt: thou shalt not appear before me empty. And thou shalt keep the feast of the harvest of first-fruits of thy labours, whatsoever thou shalt have sown in thy field, and the feast of completion at the end of the year in the gathering in of thy fruits out of thy field. Three times in the year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God.” Sep Exo 23:14-17

Here it is called the Feast of Ingathering since it is when the harvest is gathered in.  In prophecy this will be when our Heavenly Father harvests the earth and gather’s HIS chosen people.

“And thou shalt keep to me the feast of weeks, the beginning of wheat-harvest; and the feast of ingathering in the middle of the year. Three times in the year shall every male of thine appear before the Lord the God of Israel.” Exo 34:22-23

The Levitical law to be followed for the Feast of Tabernacles is explained below.  I believe the reason we are to make our tents or booths from trees is because people are referred to as trees many times in the bible.  Today we still refer to ourselves as a tree when we call our ancestry a ‘family tree’.

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to the children of Israel, saying, On the fifteenth day of this seventh month, there shall be a feast of tabernacles seven days to the Lord. And on the first day shall be a holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work. Seven days shall ye offer whole-burnt-offerings to the Lord, and the eighth-day shall be a holy convocation to you; and ye shall offer whole-burnt-offerings to the Lord: it is a time of release, ye shall do no servile work. These are the feasts to the Lord, which ye shall call holy convocations, to offer burnt-offerings to the Lord, whole-burnt-offerings and their meat-offerings, and their drink-offerings, that for each day on its day:  besides the sabbaths of the Lord, and besides your gifts, and besides all your vows, and besides your free-will-offerings, which ye shall give to the Lord. And on the fifteenth day of this seventh month, when ye shall have completely gathered in the fruits of the earth, ye shall keep a feast to the Lord seven days; on the first day there shall be a rest, and on the eighth day a rest. And on the first day ye shall take goodly fruit of trees, and branches of palm trees, and thick boughs of trees, and willows, and branches of osiers from the brook, to rejoice before the Lord your God seven days in the year. It is a perpetual statute for your generations: in the seventh month ye shall keep it.” Sep Lev 23:33-41

The law of the Feast of Tabernacles in Deuteronomy:

“Thou shalt keep for thyself the feast of tabernacles seven days, when thou gatherest in thy produce from thy corn-floor and thy wine-press. And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, and the Levite, and the stranger, and the orphan, and the widow that is in thy cities. Seven days shalt thou keep a feast to the Lord thy God in the place which the Lord thy God shall choose for himself; and if the Lord thy God shall bless thee in all thy fruits, and in every work of thy hands, then thou shalt rejoice. Three times in the year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God in the place which the Lord shall choose in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: thou shalt not appear before the Lord thy God empty. Each one according to his ability, according to the blessing of the Lord thy God which he has given thee.” Sep Deu 16:13-17

The book of Nehemiah reflects that the Israelites read the laws of Moses during the Feast of Tabernacles:

And on the second day the heads of families assembled with all the people, also the priests and Levites, to Esdras the scribe, to attend to all the words of the law. And they found written in the law which the Lord commanded Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths, in the feast in the seventh month: and that they should sound with trumpets in all their cities, and in Jerusalem. And Esdras said, Go forth to the mountain, and bring branches of olive, and branches of cypress trees, and branches of myrtle, and branches of palm trees, and branches of every thick tree, to make booths, according to that which was written. And the people went forth, and brought them, and made booths for themselves, each one upon his roof, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the streets of the city, and as far as the gate of Ephraim. And all the congregation who had returned from the captivity, made booths, and dwelt in booths: for the children of Israel had not done so from the days of Jesus the son of Naue until that day: and there was great joy. And Esdras read in the book of the law of God daily, from the first day even to the last day: and they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day a solemn assembly, according to the ordinance.”  Sep Neh 8:1318 


Offerings at the Feast of Tabernacles

Below are the required food sacrifices for the Feast of Tabernacles.   The goats are always a sin offering that must be completely burnt and never eaten.  The goats being completely burnt represents their fate in the eventual lake of fire documented in the book of Revelation.


Day One

 “And on the fifteenth day of this seventh month ye shall have a holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord seven days. And ye shall bring near whole-burnt-offerings, a sacrifice for a smell of sweet savour to the Lord, on the first day thirteen calves of the herd, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old; they shall be without blemish.   their meat-offerings shall be fine flour mingled with oil; there shall be three tenth deals for one calf, for the thirteen calves; and two tenth deals for one ram, for the two rams. A tenth deal for every lamb, for the fourteen lambs. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering: there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.”  Num 29:12-16 

Day Two

“And on the second day twelve calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without blemish. Their meat-offering and their drink-offering shall be for the calves and the rams and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the perpetual whole-burnt-offering; their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.” Num 29:17-19

Day Three

“On the third day eleven calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without blemish.  Their meat-offering and their drink-offering shall be to the calves and to the rams and to the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.  Num 29:20-22

Day Four

“On the fourth day ten calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without spot. There shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings to the calves and the rams and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.” Num 29:23-25

Day Five

“On the fifth day nine calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without spot. Their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings shall be to the calves and the rams and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the perpetual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.” Num 29:26-28

Day Six

“On the sixth day eight calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without blemish. There shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings to the calves and rams and lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the perpetual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.” Num 29:29-31

Day Seven

“On the seventh day seven calves, two rams, fourteen lambs of a year old without blemish. Their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings shall be to the calves and the rams and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings.”  Num 29:32-34

Day Eight – The Last Great Day & Expiration of Sin

“And on the eighth day there shall be to you a release: ye shall do no servile work in it. And ye shall offer whole-burnt-offerings as sacrifices to the Lord, one calf, one ram, seven lambs of a year old without spot. There shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings for the calf and the ram and the lambs according to their number, according to their ordinance. And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; beside the continual whole-burnt-offering; there shall be their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings. These sacrifices shall ye offer to the Lord in your feasts, besides your vows; and ye shall offer your free-will-offerings and your whole-burnt-offerings, and your meat-offerings and your drink-offerings, and your peace-offerings.” Sep Num 29:35-39

We are the Tabernacles and Final Harvest

The New Testament explains that our bodies are tabernacles and they are our temporary dwelling place.

“For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle [Greek 4636, skénos, a tent, tabernacle; fig: of the human body] were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven: If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked. For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.”  KJV 2 Cor 5:1-4

“But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle [Greek 4633], not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;”  KJV Hebrews 9: 11

“Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these things, though ye know them, and be established in the present truth. Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle [Greek 4638, skénóma, a tent pitched, a dwelling, tabernacle] to stir you up by putting you in remembrance; 14 Knowing that shortly I must put off this my tabernacle, even as our Lord Jesus Christ hath shewed me”. KJV 2 Pet 1:12-14

“Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle [Greek 4633, skéné,  a tent, booth, tabernacle, abode, dwelling, mansion, habitation], which the Lord pitched, and not man”. KJV Hebrews 8:1-2

The Harvest of Revelation

The Book of Revelation talks of the final harvest and ingathering.  It is the prophecy of our Heavenly Father gathering HIS tabernacles and tabernacle with us.  During this time he will be eliminating un-ruling Billy goats and throwing them in the lake of fire.  The process of removing the goats starts during the Day of Atonement and I have explained this further in this article.   Once all the goats are eliminated on the ‘The Last Great Day’ of the Feast of Tabernacles all sin will be removed from the earth.

“And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.”  KJV Rev 13:6

“Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and seated on the cloud one like a son of man, with a golden crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand.  And another angel came out of the temple, calling with a loud voice to him who sat on the cloud, "Put in your sickle, and reap, for the hour to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is fully ripe."  So he who sat on the cloud swung his sickle across the earth, and the earth was reaped”. Rev 14: 14-16

“And after that I looked, and, behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened:6 And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen, and having their breasts girded with golden girdles. And one of the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever”. KJV Rev 15:5-7

“And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle [Greek 4633, skéné,  a tent, booth, tabernacle, abode, dwelling, mansion, habitation] of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.  And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away”. KJV Rev 21:1-4

The Last Great Day

Below are verses regarding ‘The Last Great Day’

“On the last day of the feast [of Tabernacles], the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, "If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, 'Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water. '" Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.  Jesus will tabernacles with us”. John 7:37-39

“Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more.  And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.  And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, "Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God.  He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away." Rev 21:1-4

Conclusion

Jesus will return and fulfill the fall feast days.  He will gather HIS tabernacles to HIM.  The Day of Atonement feast is meant to prepare us for the Feast of Tabernacles since we must repent of all sin prior to tabernacleing with HIM.  These are important feast days.   It is my thought that the final fulfillment of Pentecost will occur after the ‘Last Great Day’ occurs and at Pentecost will be the ‘Wedding Feast’.   I cannot be sure how Jesus will fulfill these feast days; I can only share my understanding.  I share my understanding since only by understanding the feast days will we truly know if it Jesus has returned.  Understanding the feast days ensures we are not deceived by goats.